Tooth coloured restorations
Tooth coloured restorations are the most commonly used type of filling material today. They are considered to be a more conservative option, with less removal of tooth structure required, using the latest technology available. Tooth coloured restorations can be classed as a filling, sealant, veneer or crown.
Crowns are used to completely cover and protect remaining tooth structure. This is generally required in circumstances where the tooth has been damaged, has had a root canal treatment or simply for cosmetic reasons. Crowns are a common treatment and are constructed to fit the bite and match natural looking teeth. Crowns can be constructed from porcelain, ceramic or gold alloys.
Bridges are commonly used to replace one or more missing teeth and are cemented to the natural tooth structure. With bridges, they are not always the best option to fit the open space as we have to trim the adjacent tooth/teeth to support the bridge. It is a better alternative to a denture but does have certain disadvantages to a dental implant.
Sometimes the nerve in a tooth may die or ache due to injury, decay or fractures. If this does occur and the tooth has been compromised a root canal treatment can be performed to save the tooth by removing the damaged nerves and filling the canals with a resin material. Root canal treatment often requires three appointments to complete and in the future the tooth may require a crown to strengthen the fragile tooth structure.
Extractions and wisdom teeth
Sometimes a tooth is so badly damaged the only option is to remove it. Having a tooth extracted is relatively straight forward and in most cases can be performed quickly whilst the individual is awake using local anesthetic to eliminate any painful sensations.
Wisdom teeth normally erupt between the ages of 18-24 years. If they become an issue, symptoms usually include: jaw pain, swelling, limitation of jaw movement, bad breath or taste in mouth and in some cases persistent fever. In most circumstances wisdom teeth can be removed at our surgery, with few cases having to be referred to a surgeon.
Treatment of gum disease
Your gums support your teeth and if neglected will result in bleeding gums called gingivitis and looseness of teeth. If left untreated you can expect the eventual loss of teeth. This is caused by poor oral hygiene and bacteria from food that has not been removed from in between the teeth. It is recommended to have a professional clean and polish done every 6 months to maintain good oral hygiene and prevent gum disease.